Stadia have become complex venues designed to meet a variety of patron and player expectations. While stadia have always been constructed under strict architectural, cost, and operability guidelines, a greater emphasis is being placed on creating unique structures that provide an unrivalled fan experience.
Depending on location, local meteorological conditions can dictate certain stadium design features and many aspects of stadia can be optimized to create world-class structures suitable for year round operation. However, as with all engineering challenges, achieving balance is critical for optimal stadium performance. For example, in a hot climate large sunshades may provide added comfort to patrons but may reduce sunlight needed for the growth of the turf. Optimally placed and sized natural ventilation can induce positive airflow into the bowl, but poorly placed or sized natural ventilation may be ineffectual, based on wind flow around the building, or allow undesirable inflow of rain or odors.
Part 1 of this two-part webinar will include case studies and a detailed discussion of specialized modeling methods to demonstrate specific examples of manipulating stadium design as we explore:
- Patron thermal comfort
- Athlete heat stress
- Shading and optical glare for sunshades
- Natural ventilation for spectator comfort
- Optimal natural pitch (field) conditions
Playing surface conditions and variability during the play of the game
Part 2 will deal with structural considerations in stadia – not a small challenge, since no two the same – and how to account for the effects of retractable roofs, falling ice and snow, and so forth.
- Gain an understanding of the unique wind and microclimate design challenges and risks associated with stadia.
- Understand the general metrics and criteria for optimizing thermal comfort for patrons and athletes.
- Understand conditions that optimize natural ventilation of concourse areas for patron comfort.
- Understand how stadium design impacts natural turf growth and playing surface conditions during the play of the game and the general metrics and criteria for determining optimization.
- Understand the necessary balance that must be achieved by sometimes competing design objectives to maximize the stadium experience.
- Recognize how specific tools and analyses can be used to evaluate and optimize stadia design.